Botanical Name - Capsicum annum L.
Family - Solanaceae

  • It is known as the most valuable crop of India.
  • It is used as a principle ingredient of various curries and chutneys, also used in vegetables, spices, condiments, sauces and pickles.
  • Pungency in chillies is due to the active constituent “Capsaicin”, an alkaloid.
  • The native home of chilli is considered to be Mexico with secondary origin of Guatemala.
  • Chilli was introduced in India by the Portuguese in Goa in the middle of 17th century and since then it had rapidly spread throughout the country.
  • Capsaicin has many medicinal properties, especially as an anti-cancerous agent and instant pain reliever.
  • It also prevents heart diseases by dilating blood vessels.
  • Major chilli growing countries are India, China, Pakistan, Indonesia, Korea, Turkey and Sri Lanka in Asia; Nigeria, Ghana, Tunisia and Egypt in Africa; Mexico, United States of America in North & Central America; Yugoslavia, Spain, Romania, Bulgaria, Italy and Hungary in Europe and Argentina, Peru and Brazil in South America.
  • India is the world leader in chilli production followed by China & Pakistan. Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, UP and Rajasthan are the main chilly growing states.


  • It is developed by PAU, Ludhiana.
  • Plants are medium tall with medium size light green fruits turning deep red on ripening.
  • Fruits are highly pungent and attractive.
  • Tolerant to fruit rot and wet rot.
  • It gives average yield of 96qtl of red chilli/acre.

2) CH-3: 

  • It is developed at PAU, Ludhiana.
  • Fruit length more than CH-1.
  • Capsicum content 0.52%.
  • It gives average yield of 105qtl of red chilli/acre.

3) CH-27:

  • Plants are tall and continue to bear fruits for a long time.
  • Fruits are medium long (6.7 cm), thin skinned, light green when immature and deep red when mature.
  • It is resistant to leaf curl virus, fruit rot and root knot nematodes and tolerant to sucking pests such as mite.
  • Average yield of red ripe fruits is 96 qtl/ acre.

4) Punjab Sindhuri:

  • Plants are dark green, compact and medium tall.
  • It is an early maturing variety and first picking (red fruits) is possible 75 days after transplanting.
  • Fruits are long (7.14 cm), thick skinned, dark green when immature and deep red when mature.
  • Average yield of red ripe fruits is 70-75 qtl/acre.

5) Punjab Tej:

  • Plants are light green, spreading and medium tall.
  • It is an early maturing variety and first picking (red fruits) is possible 75 days after transplanting.
  • Fruits are long (6.80cm), thin skinned, light green when immature and deep red when mature.
  • Average yield of red ripe fruits is 60 qtl/acre.

6) Punjab Surkh:

  • This variety has dark green color leaves having long fruits of 7cm.
  • Fruits are green when immature but turns dark red at maturity.
  • It is used for making salad and for drying purposes.
  • It is resistant to fruit rot and mosaic virus.
  • It gives average yield of 80 qtl per acre.

7) Pusa Jwala:

  • Plants are dwarf, bushy, light green.
  • Fruits are 9-10 cm long, light green, highly pungent, fairly tolerant to thrips and mites.
  • Average yield of 34 qtl/acre (green) and 7 qtl/acre (dry).

8) Pusa Sadabahar:

  • Plants are erect, perennial (2-3 years), 60-80 cm tall, fruits are 6-8cm long, born in clusters with 6-14 fruits/cluster, ripe fruits dark red, highly pungent, resistant to CMV, TMV and leaf curl complex,
  • First picking in 75-80 days after transplanting.
  • Average yield of 38 qtl/acre (green) and 8 qtl/acre (dry).

9) Arka Meghana:

  • High yielding hybrid with resistant to powdery mildew and viruses.
  • Fruits are of length 10.6cm and width 1.2 cm.
  • Fruits are dark green and turn to red on maturity.
  • Gives average yield of 134 qtl/acre green chilli and 20 qtl/acre dry chilli.

10) Arka Sweta:

  • High yielding hybrid for fresh market.
  • Suitable for cultivation in kharif and rabi seasons under irrigated conditions.
  • Fruits length is 11-12 cm, width 1.2-1.5 cm.
  • They are smooth and medium pungent.
  • Fruits are light green and turn red at maturity.
  • Tolerant to viruses.
  • Yield 132 qtl/acre (fresh) and 20 qtl/acre (dry).

11) Kashi Early:

  • Plants of are tall (100-110 cm height) without nodal pigmentation on dull green stems and bear pendant fruits.
  • Fruits are long (8-9 x 1.0-1.2 cm), attractive, dark green and turn bright red at physiological maturity, pungent with smooth surface.
  • First picking of the green fruits starts at about 45 days after transplanting.
  • Average yield of this hybrid is 100 qtl/acre (red ripe).

12) Kashi Surkh:

  • Plants are semi determinate (1-1.2 m), erect and nodal pigmentation on stem.
  • Fruits are light green, straight, length 11-12 cm, suitable for green as well as red fruit production.
  • First harvest starts after 55 days of transplanting.
  • Green fruit yield is 100qtl/acre.

13) Kashi Anmol:

  • Plants are determinate, dwarf (60-70 cm) with nodal pigmentation on stem and bear green attractive pendant fruits.
  • First picking starts from 55 days after transplanting.
  • It gives average yield of 80 qtl/acre.

14) Pant C-1:

  • This variety is easily distinguishable from the other varieties because of the fact that it has upright fruiting pods.
  • The pods are highly pungent, relatively small in size, broader at the base and narrow towards the tip.
  • It is moderately resistant to mosaic and leaf curl virus.
  • The green pod yield of this variety is 32 qtl/acre.
  • The dry pod yield is about 6 qtl/acre.

15) Punjab Gucchedar :

  • Released in 1995.
  • It has small fruits, and in bunches.
  • Suitable for canning purpose.
  • It gives an average yield of 60qtl/acre. 

Other state varieties:

Kashi Vishwanath

  • Sankeshwar: Mild flavour, long and red color variety. It is suitable for export.
  • Byadgi (Kaddi): Mild flavour, long and bright red color variety.
  • Dabbi: Mild flavour, long and thick blackish variety.
TNAU Chilli Hybrid CO 1

Well drained loamy soil rich in organic matter with pH range 6.5-7.5


  • Chilli requires a warm and humid climate growth and dry weather during the maturation of fruits.
  • A temperature ranging from 20-25°C is ideal for chilli.
  • In chilli fruit development adversely affected at temperatures of 37°C or more.
  • Heavy rainfall leads poor fruit set and in association with high humidity leads to rotting of fruits.
  • High temperature & low  Relative humidity increases the transpiration during flowering resulting in shedding of buds, flowers and small fruits.

  • Time of sowing
  • The ideal time for raising nursery is from October end to mid of November.
  • Cover the nursery area with 50 % shade net and cover the sides using 40 / 50 mesh insect proof nylon net.
  • Seedlings are ready for transplantation in 30-40 days (Usually in February – March).
  • As a commercial crop, chilli is mainly grown in summer and winter and the seeds are  sown in the nursery beds accordingly viz.
  • summer crop: January- February and  winter crop: July- August.

Varieties : 1.0 kg / ha.
Hybrids : 200 – 250 g / ha.
Nursery area : 100 sq.m / ha.Seed Rate

For varieties use seed rate of 200 gm/acre and 80-100 gm/acre for hybrids.

Seed Treatment

  • To protect crop from various soil borne disease seed treatment is necessary. Before sowing do seed treatment with Thiram@3gm or Carbendazim@ 2 gm /kg.
  • After chemical treatment, treat seed with Trichoderma @5gm/kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 gm /kg.
  • Keep it in shade and use it for sowing.
  • Do watering with rosecan on daily basis. Drench the nursery with Copper oxychloride @ 2.5 gm/ltr of water at 15days interval to prevent crop from damping off disease.
  • To protect against wilt, sucking pest, dip roots for 15 min in Trichoderma harzianum @ 20 gm /Ltr+0.5ml/Ltr Imidacloprid before transplanting.
  • Seedling inoculation with VAM supplemented with nitrogen fixing bacteria, save super phosphate by 50% along with saving of 25% nitrogen application.  

For seed treatment use any one fungicide from the following:

Fungicide nameQuantity (Dosage per kg seed)
Carbendazim2 gm
Thiram3 gm

Nursery Preparation: 

  • Form raised beds of 1 m width and convenient length. Mix sterilized cocopeat@ 300kg with 5 kg neem cake along with Azospirillum and phosphobacteria  each @1kg.
  • Approximately 1.2 kg of cocopeat is required for filling one pro-tray. 120 pro-trays are required for the production of 11,600 seedlings, which are required for one acre land.
  • Sow the treated seed in protrays@1 seed per cell.
  • Cover the seed with cocopeat and keep the trays one above the other and cover with a polythene sheet till germination starts.
  • After sowing of seeds in nursery, cover bed with 400 mesh nylon net or thin white cloth.
  • It helps to protect seedlings from pest-disease attack.
  • After 6 days place the protrays with germinated seedlings individually on the raised beds inside the shade net.
  • Water with rose can everyday upto seed germination. Drench with 19:19:19 @ 0.5% (5gm/Ltr) at 18 days after sowing.

    Transplantation in Field:
  • After 30-40 days, seedlings are ready for transplantation.
  • For transplantation 6-8 week old or 15-20 cm height seedlings are selected.
  • Carry out ploughing for 2-3 times and clod crushing after each ploughing.
  • Add compost or Farm Yard Manure @150-200 qtl/acre and mix well in the soil 15-20 days before sowing.
  • Form ridges and furrows at spacing of 60 cm. Apply 0.8 kg/acre of Azospirillum and 0.8 kg/acre of Phosphobacteria by mixing with 20 kg of FYM.
  • Do not cultivate Tomato and Chilly crop in same field or in nearby field, as pest and diseases are similar. Also spread anthracnose and bacterial disease.
  • When it is intercropped with onion and coriander, it gives additional income also helps in controlling weed population.
  • For nematodes control, take onion, garlic or merry gold as intercrop.

Use row to row spacing of 75 cm and plant to plant spacing of 45 cm.
Method of sowing
Transplantation method is used.

  • Apply Pendimethalin @1ltr/acre or Fluchloralin @800ml/acre as pre-emergence herbicide followed by hand weeding once 30 days after planting.
  • Carryout first weeding operation after 25 days of planting.
  • Depending upon intensity, repeat weeding and keep field free of weeds.
  • It cant withstand heavy moisture so apply irrigation only when needed.
  • Heavy irrigation causes lanky vegetative growth and flower drop.
  • Number of irrigation and interval of irrigation depend on soil and climatic condition.
  • If plant show dropping at 4 pm , it is indication of plant needed irrigation.
  • Flowering and fruit development are most critical stages of water requirement.
  • Stagnation of water should not be allowed in nursery and field as it causes fungal infection.
  •  Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal before last ploughing.
  • Apply 2 kg / ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha Phosphobacteria by mixing with 20 kg of FYM.
  • Apply 75 % total recommended dose of superphosphate i.e. 375 kg / ha as basal.
  • Install the drip irrigation with main , sub main pipes and place lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5 m.
  •  Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4 LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.
  • Form raised beds of 120 cm width at an interval of 30 cm and place the laterals at the centre of each bed.
  • Before planting wet the beds using drip system for 8-12 hrs.
  • Planting to be done at a spacing of 90 x 60 x 45 cm in the paired row system, using ropes marked at 60 cm spacing.
  • Spray Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i. / ha or Fluchloralin 1.0 kg a.i / ha as pre-emergence herbicide at 3rd day after planting.
  • Gap filling to be done at 7th day after transplanting.

Fertilizer Requirement (kg/acre)


Nutrient Value (kg/acre) 

  • Apply Nitrogen@25kg in form of Urea@55kg/acre, Phosphorus@12kg in form of Single Super Phosphate@75kg and Potash@12kg in form of MOP (Muriate of Potash)@20 kg /acre.
  • Apply half dose of Nitrogen and full dose of Phosphorus and Potash at time of transplanting. Apply remaining amount of nitrogen after first picking.
  • Also to obtain high yield take spray of MAP 12:61:00@75gm/15Ltr water at 40-45 days after transplanting at branch growing stage.
  • To Increase yield along with to obtain more no of pickings, apply sulphur/ Bensulf @10 kg /acre and spray Calcium Nitrate @10 gm /Ltr water in flowering stage.

Water Soluble Fertilizer:

  • 10-15 days after transplantation, sprayed 19:19:19 with micronutrients@2.5-3gm/Ltr of water.
  • Then after 40-45 days spraying of 20% Boron@1gm+Micronutrients@2.5-3gm/Ltr of water should be done.
  • When crop is in flowering stage sprayed 0:52:34@4-5gm+micronutrients@2.5-3gm/Ltr of water.
  • In fruiting stage sprayed 0:52:34@4-5gm+Boron@1gm/Ltr of water.
  • When crop is fruit formation stage sprayed 13:0:45@4-5gm+Calcium nitrate@2-2.5gm/Ltr of water.

Growth regulators: 

  • To control flower drop and to get good quality fruit, take spray of NAA (naphthalene acetic acid)@4ml/15 ltr of water at flower initiation stage.
  • Care during flowering & fruit set gives upto 20% more yield.
  • Spray Homobrassinalide@5ml/10Ltr of water at flowering thrice at 15 days gap.
  • To increase fruit set having good quality.
  • Spray Triacontanol growth regulator at 1.25ppm(1.25ml/Ltr) on 20,40,60 and 80th day of planting.

Effect of Endo root soluble and Mycorrhizae on Chilli

  • Apply 250g of Endo Roots Soluble in two splits doses at 15 DAT and 45 DAT along with 100 % N and K and 50% P for higher yield and saving of Phosphorous.
  • Apply 250g of Mycorrhiza in two splits at transplanting and 30 DAT along with 100% N and K and 50% P for higher yield and saving of Phosphorous.

Growth regulators

  • Spray Triacontanol @ 1.25 ml/l on 20, 40, 60 and 80th day of planting.
  • Spray NAA 10 ppm (10 mg/l of water) on 60 and 90 days after planting to increase fruit set

Micronutrient spray

  • Foliar spray of Zn SO4 @ 0.5 per cent thrice at 10 days interval from 40 days after planting.
  • Spray 19:19:19 + Mn @ 1 % at 60 days after planting

Intercropping The intercrops like onion and coriander can be grown for getting additional income. It can also help to control the weed populatio

  • Spray Triacontanol @ 1.25 ml/l on 20, 40, 60 and 80th day of planting.
  • Spray NAA 10 ppm (10 mg/l of water) on 60 and 90 days after planting to increase fruit set.
  • Foliar spray of Zn SO4 @ 0.5 per cent thrice at 10 days interval from 40 days after planting.
  • Spray 19:19:19 + Mn @ 1 % at 60 days after planting.



  • These are widely distributed pest observed throughout the world.
  • It attacks on several crops like potato, chilli, beans, cotton, tobacco, curcurbit, castor, jute, coffee, lemon, citrus, blackgram, cowpea, pepper, tomato, sweet potato, mango, papaya, brinjal, guava.
  • Nymphs and adults feed exclusively on the lower surface of the leaves.
  • Infected leaves give cup shape appearance. Heavy infestation results in defoliation, bud shedding and drying of leaves. 


  • If Infestation of yellow mite & thrips is observed in field, spray of Chlorfenapyr@1.5ml/Ltr, Abamectin@1.5ml/Ltr are found effective.
  • Mite is a serious pest and it may cause yield loss up to 80%. For effective control spray Spiromesifen 22.9SC@200ml/acre/180Ltr of water.

2)Aphid: Aphis gossypi


  • They attack mostly in winter month and later stage of crop.
  • They suck sap from the leaf.
  • They excrete honey like substance and developed sooty mold i.e blackish colour fungus on the calyx and pods thus deteriorate quality of product.
  • Aphids also work as important insect vectors for chilli mosaic.
  • Mosaic disease transmitted by aphids cause 20-30 percent loss in yield.


  • To control, take spray of Acephate 75SP@5gm/Ltr or Methyl demeton 25EC@2ml/Ltr of water.
  • Soil application of granular insecticides viz Carbofuran, Phorate@4-8kg/acre on 15 and 60 days after transplanting were also effective.

3)White fly:

How to Identify and Control Whiteflies Effectively


  • The nymphs and adults of White fly suck the cell sap from the leaves and weaken the plants.
  • They secrete honey dew on which black sooty mould develops on leaves.
  • They also transmit leaf curl diseases.


  • To check infestation use yellow sticky traps coated with grease and sticky oils.
  • In case of severe infestation to control take spray of Acetamiprid 20SP (@4gm/10Ltr of water or Triazophos@2.5ml/litre or Profenophos@2ml/litre of water. Repeat the spray after 15 days.
4) Thrips : Scirtothrips dorsalis
  • Commonly observed pest.
  • Mostly observed in dry weather.
  • They suck sap from the foliage and results in curling of leaves. Also causes flower drop.
  • To check severity of thrips incidence, keep blue sticky traps @6-8 per acre.
  • Also to reduce the incidence spray Verticillium lecani@5gm/Ltr water
  • If incidence of thrips is more, then take spray of Imidacloprid 17.8SL or Fipronil@1ml/Ltr water or Fipronil 80%WP@2.5ml/Ltr of water or Acephate 75% WP@1.0gm/Ltr or do drenching of Thiamethoxam 25% WG@1.0gm/Ltr of water.



Deficiency Symptoms

Branches are short, thin small distorted leaves colour changes from light green to yellowish green fruits small and chlorotic  

Correction Measure

Foliar spray of Urea 1% at fortnightly intervals

2 Phosphorus


Deficiency Symptoms
  • Plants stunted leaves small narrow inwardly curved.
  • Older leaves yellowish with pink margin fruits small distorted in shape.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of DAP 2% at fortnightly intervals



Deficiency Symptoms
  • Growth suppressed leaf number reduced size small colour
  • yellowish necrotic lesions along the veins crinkling leaves and marginal scorch.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of K2SO4 1% at fortnightly intervals



Deficiency Symptoms
  • Growth of the plant is reduced symptoms are first seen at the growing points of the plant, which may become necrotic and die. 
  • Marginal leaf chlorosis followed by necrosis will be evident on the youngest leaves. 
  • Pale brown sunken areas will also develop around the blossom end of the pepper fruits (blossom – end rot or BER). 
  • Flower buds will fail to develop. 
  • The youngest leaves will remain small and deformed and will tend to curl upward at the margins.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of CaSO4 1% or soil application of gypsum @ 25 kg/ha



Deficiency Symptoms
  • Symptoms appear on older leaves first. 
  • These are characterized by interveinal chlorosis. 
  • As the deficiency progresses, the older leaves die. 
  • The largest veins remain green while the smallest do not.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of MgSO4 1% and Urea 1%



Deficiency Symptoms
  • Newly emerging leaves are malformed. 
  • Plants show shunted growth. 
  • Chlorotic streaks appear perpendicular to the veins. 
  • Incomplete leaf formation and inhibition of fruit and flower. 
  • Deficiency of boron may results in reduction in weight and size of the fruit.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of borax@0.2%


Copper Deficiency in Plants | Trifecta Natural

Deficiency Symptoms
  • Plants show overall droopy appearance with shortened intervals between petiole. 
  • Size of leaves reduced.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of CuSO4@2%



Deficiency Symptoms
  • Symptoms are first seen in the youngest leaves. 
  • Initially the smallest veins remain green, which produces a reticulate pattern of green veins on yellow leaves.
  • The leaves eventually turn completely chlorotic but there is no associated necrosis.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of FeSO4 0.5% at fortnightly intervals.



Deficiency Symptoms
  • Marginal chlorosis of young leaves, which later turn brown. 
  • Fruits with raised spots which are dark brown on black in colour. 
Corrective Measures-

Foliar spray of MnSO4@1-2%



Deficiency Symptoms

Leaves become small and chlorosis occur in young leaves

Correction Measure

Foliar spray of ZnSO4@0.5%



Deficiency Symptoms
  • Newly emerging leaves are malformed. 
  • Plants show shunted growth. 
  • Chlorotic streaks appear perpendicular to the veins. 
  • Incomplete leaf formation and inhibition of fruit and flower. 
  • Deficiency of boron may results in reduction in weight and size of the fruit.
Correction Measure

Foliar spray of borax@0.2%

1)Powdery Mildews


  • Patchy, White powdery growth appears on lower side of leaves.
  • It parasitizes the plant using it as a food source.
  • It commonly occurs on older leaves just before or at fruit set.
  • But it can develop at any stage of crop development. In severe infestation it causes defoliation.


  • Avoid water lodging in field. Keep field clean.
  • To control spray with Hexaconazole(Contaf, Sitara) along with sticker @1 ml/Ltr of water.
  • In case of sudden rain, chances of powdery mildew are more.
  • Mild infestation take spray of water soluble Sulphur @ 20 gm/10 Ltr of water 2-3 times with interval of 10 days.

2) Phytophthora blight: 

Phytophthora blight on peppers | Vegetable Pathology – Long ...


  • It is caused by the fungus Phytophthora capsicium
  • It is soil borne and commonly observed on soil with low drainage capacity and areas where proper cultural practices have not been maintained.
  • Also cloudy weather is favourable for spread of this disease.


  • Avoid crop rotation with brinjal, tomato, cucumber, pumpkin for atleast three years.
  • Spray with Copper oxychloride@250gm/150Ltr of water.

4) Die back and fruit rot:


  • The branches and leaves get dried and black spots are formed on infected parts.
  • Spots are usually circular, water-soaked and sunken with black margins.
  • The fruits with many spots drop off prematurely resulting in heavy loss of yield.
  • The disease spreads rapidly with blowing wind, rains during rainy season. Partially affected plants bear fruits which are few and of low quality.


  • Use disease free seeds.
  • Before sowing seed treatment with Thiram or Captan@4gm/kg of seeds is effective in eliminating the seed borne inoculum.
  • To control die back and fruit rot diseases spray with Mancozeb@2.5 gm or Copper oxychloride@3 gm per Ltr of water.
  • Give first spray just before flowering and second at the time of fruit formation.

5) Wilt and damping off:


  • Moist and poorly drain soil causes damping off disease.
  • It is soil borne disease.
  • Water soaking and shrivelling of stem occurs.
  • Seedlings killed before emergence. If it appears in nursery the entire lot of seedling may get destroyed.


  • To control wilt, drench nearby soil with Copper oxychloride@ 250 gm or Carbendazim@ 200 gm /150Ltr of water.
  • To control wilting of plants due to root rot do drenching with Trichoderma bio fungus@2.5kg /500Ltr water, near to roots of plants.

6) Anthracnose:

Chili anthracnose: Colletotrichum taxonomy and pathogenicity - Mongkolporn - 2018 - Plant Pathology - Wiley Online Library


  • It is caused by the fungi Colletotrichum piperatum and C.capsici and is promoted by warm temperatures, high moisture.
  • It is characterised by black spots that are formed on infected parts.
  • Spots are usually circular, water-soaked and sunken with black margins.
  • The fruits with many spots drop off prematurely resulting in heavy loss of yield.


If infestation of Anthracnose is observed then spraying with Propiconazole or Hexaconazole @1ml / ltr of water should be done.

7) Yellow Mosaic:

63 Cmv Chilli Images, Stock Photos, 3D objects, & Vectors ...


  • Light and green patches observed on leaves.
  • In early stage plant growth get stops.
  • Yellowing, chlorotic ring spots on leaves and fruits.


  • Select healthy and disease free seeds for cultivation.
  • Avoid monocropping in chilly crop.
  • Raise two rows of maize or sorghum for every five rows of chilly against wind direction.
  • Uproot and destroyed infected plant away from field.
  • Recommendations given for aphids may be adopted (take spray of Acephate 75 SP @1gm /Ltr or Methyl demeton 25 EC @2ml/Ltr of water.
  • Soil application of granular insecticides viz Carbofuran, Phorate@4-8kg /acre should be done on 15 and 60 days after transplanting.

8)Bacterial Leaf Spot:


  • It is observed mostly in rainy season.
  • On young leaves the spots are yellowish green, on older leaves they are dark and water soaked.
  • Severely affected leaves become chlorotic and defoliation occurs.
  • It observed on stem also. Stem infection leads to formation of cankerous growth and wilting of branches.
  • On fruit round water soaked spots with pale yellow border is observed. 


  • To control various leaf spot and yellowing diseases, spray Propiconazole 25% EC @ 200ml or Chlorothalonil 75%WP @ 400-600 gm per 150-200Ltr of water.
  • If bacterial leaf spot infestation is observed, to control spray with Streptocycline @1gm +Copper oxychloride @ 400 gm/200Ltr of water.

8.Leaf curl (viral)


  • The disease spreads through insect vector such as thrips and aphids. 
  • The disease affected leaves become small in size accompanied by downward curling.
  • The leaves  may fall off in case of severe attack.


  • Spraying Rogor @ l ml/l of water control thinsect vector and uprooting of infected plants is recommended to manage the disease.

Spray difenoconazole 25% EC @ 0.05% or azoxystrobin 18.2% w/w + difenoconazole 11.4% w/w SC @ 0.1% or metiram 55% + pyraclostrobin 5% WG @ 0.3% thrice at 15 days interval starting from noticing the die-back symptoms

Root knot nematode: Apply TNAU formulation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus mosseae containing 1spore/g @10g/m2 to control root knot nematode in nursery.

  • Chilly can be harvested green or left to ripen on the plant.
  • The ripened colour will depend on the variety grown.
  • To increases no. of pickings, Spray Urea@10 gm/Ltr and Soluble K@10 gm/Ltr (1% solution each) with 15 days interval during harvesting time.
  • For canning purpose they are harvested when fruits are of red color.
  • Chilly use for drying purpose is harvested at full ripe stage.

This include

1) Drying

2) Grading and Packing

3) Storage

Varieties : 2 – 3 t/ha of dry pods or 10 – 15 t/ha of green chillies.

Hybrids : 25 t / ha of green chillies.

Crop Growing districts                    Ramanathapuram (gundu), Thoothukudi (samba), Sivagangai (samba), Virudhunagar (samba), Tirunelveli                                                                     (samba)
Major markets in Tamil Nadu           Virudhunagar, Chennai, Ramanathapuram, Paramakudi, Thoothukudi
Grade Specification                           i. Dry Chilli
                                                                 Well dried -12 % moisture                         

                                                                 Big size

                                                                 Bright red colour without white chillies

                                                                 Uniform size

                                                                 Length – 1.5-2 inches
                                                               ii. Green Chilli