Ribbed Gourd
Botanical Name- Luffa acutangula Roxb.
Family - Cucurbitaceae

t is also known as “Luffa” sponge gourd. The vines of sponge gourd attain the height of 30 feet or more. The fruits of sponge gourd are cylindrical in shape and outer skin is smooth green. The fruit contains white inner flesh which is fibrous and have similar flavor to bitter melon. The fruit attains the height of 1-2 feet. Fully ripened sponge gourd contains high fiber content which is used as cleansing agent and for making table mats, shoe-soles etc. It is a good source of Vitamin A and C. It is used to cure jaundice, diabetes, to purify blood, and is used to cure skin diseases. In India it is grown in Punjab, Bihar, U.P., Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Rajasthan and Jharkhand.

1)PSG-9 (2005): The vines are medium in length and have dark green leaves. Smooth, long, tender, and dark green, the fruits are. From transplanting to the first picking, it takes 60 days. The average fruit weight is 65 g, with a yield of 65 q/acre.

2)Punjab Nikhar (2020): has medium-length vines with intermediate internodal length. The leaves are medium in size and green in colour. The fruits are slender, smooth, tender, long, light green, and have creamish white seeds. From transplanting to the first picking, it takes 43 days. It has an average fruit yield of 82 q/acre.

3)Pusa Chikni: This variety has dark green leaves, a medium-sized plant, and medium-sized fruit. The fruits are smooth and tender, with a thickness of 2.5-3.5cm. It produces 35-40 qtl/acre on average.

4)Azad Toria-2: It is recommended to grow in Punjab, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Bihar, and Tarai region of U.P.

5)Pusa Supriya: It is recommended to grow in Punjab, Jharkhand, Bihar, U.P., Gujarat, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan regions.

6)Punjab Kaali Tori-9: Released in 2005. It gives an average yield of 65qtl/acre. It has long, soft and dark green color fruits. The first harvesting is done after 60 days of sowing. 


1)Arka Vikram: Hybrid developed by crossing the inbreds, IIHR-6-1-1 x IIHR-53-1-3. Early flowering hybrid (46 days for first picking), green, long, tender fruits, excellent cooking quality, nutritionally rich in antioxidant activity and minerals like potassium, calcium, iron, zinc and manganese. Yields is 136q/acre in 120-135 days.

2)Arka Sumeet: Developed by pedigree method of breeding between IIHR-54 X IIHR-18 followed by selection. Lush green and tender long fruits (50-65 cm) with prominent ridges and delicate aroma. Good transport and cooking qualities. Yield 200 q/acre.

Other state varieties:

1)Pusa Sneha: The variety is developed in 2004 by Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI). It contains medium long size fruit which is smooth and is dark green in color having blackish green color strips on it. The variety is resistant to high temperature. Spring and rainy seasons are best for crop production. Harvesting is mainly after 45-50 days of sowing.

2)Azad Toria-1: It is recommended to grown in Uttar Pradesh regions.

Ridge gourd COH1

Soil –

It is grown in variety of soil types. It gives best result when grown in sandy loam soil. The pH value of soil ranges from 6.5-7.0 or neutral to slightly alkaline soil is good for plantation.

Climate –

As tender fruits are easily digestible and appetizing, it is prescribed for those who are suffering from malaria and other seasonal fevers. Climate and Soil: Sponge gourd prefers warm humid climate for its cultivation. Optimum temperature required is 24-27oC for its growth and development.

Time of sowing:
The seeds are sown twice in the year. The ideal time for sowing is in the month of mid-February to March and second time in the month of mid-May to July.

Seed rate:
Use seed rate of 2.0 kg/acre.

Seed treatment:
With the help of filer firstly scrap the seed coat of the seed and then soak the seeds in the water for 24 hours for better viability and higher germination percentage.

Seeds are sown on prepared nursery beds. Avoid seedbeds to touch the ground to protect them from soil-borne diseases. Transplanting is mainly done after 25-30 days of sowing having 4-5 leaves on the seedling.

Seedlings are planted at the distance of 2.5 x 1.2m between rows and plants. Fertilizer application of NPK is applied after 7-10 days of transplanting, then at the time of starting of lateral vine development, then at the flowering period.

To bring the soil to the fine tilth and to make the field weed free, ploughings are required. At the time of ploughing add Farm Yard Manure (FYM) in the field for the good yield. FYM @84qtl in per acre of land is added for quality crop production.

Sow two seeds per hill which is 3m wide and use spacing of 75-90cm between seeds.

Sowing depth:

Seeds are sown at the depth of 2.5-3cm.

Method of sowing:
Dibbling method is used.

Nutrient value (kg/acre)



Fertilizer Requirement (kg/acre)



At the time of land preparation apply fertilizer dose of Nitrogen @40kg (Urea@90kg), phosphorus @20kg (Single super phosphate @125kg) and potassium@20kg (Muriate of potash @35kg) as a basal dose. At the time of sowing, apply one third of the Nitrogen dose along with Phosphorus and potash. At the early stage of vine production i.e. one month of sowing apply rest of the dose.



To make the field weed free mulching and then weedicides are necessary. Apply Pendimethalin @1 ltr/acre or Fluchloralin @800ml/acre as pre-emergence herbicide.

In summer or dry condition, apply irrigation with the interval of 7-10 days and in rainy season, it requires limited irrigation. First irrigation must be done immediately after seed sowing. In total crop requires 7-8 numbers of irrigations.

Install drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5 m. Place the drippers in lateral tubes at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4 LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively.

1)Beetles: The symptoms are damage to flowers, leaves and stems.
Treatment: Appropriate insecticidal spray will help to cure pests.

2)Aphid and Thrips: They suck the sap from the leaves resulting in yellowing and drooping of leaves. Thrips results in curling of leaves, leaves become cup shaped or curved upward.
If infestation is observed in field, To control spray the crop with Thiamethoxam@5gm/15Ltr of water.

Powdery mildew: The symptoms are appearance of white powdery spots on upper surface of leaves which causes leaf withering.
Treatment: Treatment must be given in start of hot and humid summer season. Application of M-45@2gm in 1ltr of water will help to cure powdery mildew. It can also be controlled by fungicidal sprays of Chlorothalonil, benomyl or dinocap.

Crops are ready for harvesting after 70-80 days of sowing. Carry out picking at the interval of 3-4 days. Harvesting of tender and medium sized fruits should be done. It gives an average yield of 66-83 qtl per acre.

It gives an average yield of 66-83 qtl per acre.

Crop Growing districts                           Erode, Coimbatore, Tiruppur
Major markets in Tamil Nadu               Periyar Vegetable Market Koyambedu, Chennai, Gandhi Market, Oddanchathiram, Natchipalayam                                                                                vegetable market, Coimbatore