Mudigere-1 and Mudigere-2, PV 1, ICRI 1, ICRI 3, TKD 4, IISR Suvasini, IISR Vijetha, IISR Avinash, Appangala-2
PV2, Njallani Green Gold, Panikulangara Green Bold No.1 (PGB-1), Thiruthali
June – December.
Propagation through seeds
Collect seeds from healthy and high yielding plants.
600g/ha (fresh seeds)
Treat with commercial grade Sulphuric acid or Hydrochloric acid for 20 minutes.
Wash with water.
Prepare the beds with equal quantity of well rotten cattle manure, wood ash and jungle soil.
Sow the seeds in beds and cover with a thin layer of fine sand.
Mulching and shading may be provided to seed beds. The beds should be kept moist but not too wet. Germination starts usually a month after sowing and continues upto three months. One year old seedlings are transplanted to secondary nursery.
Prepare the beds. As that of primary nursery, shade is provided by erecting overhead pandal.
Seedlings are planted at a distance of 20 x 20 cm.
18-22 months old seedlings are used for transplanting
Polybags of 20 x 20 cm size can be used
Suckers from high yielding plants are planted in clonal gardens.
Spacing 1.8 m x 0.6 m (6800 plants/ha of clonal nursery)
Shade and Irrigation are provided and 32 – 42 suckers are obtained from each planting unit in 12 months
Mysore type: 3m x 3m (1,111plants/ha), Malabar type: 2m x 2m (2,500plants/ha) and
Vazhukka type: 2.4m x 2.4m (1,736plants/ha)
Generally Cardamom is grown as a rainfed crop, but sprinkler irrigation may be provided during summer for increased yields.
Moderate shade – 50-60 %
Rainfed – 40 – 50 %
Irrigated – 55-60 %
Mixed population of medium sized shade trees- Karona, Red cedar, konikonna, Jack, Vellakil, Thempavu, Thambahom, Bolongi, Elangi.
Apply any one of the following insecticides
Diafenthiuron 50 WP 8 g/10 lit or
Quinalphos 25 EC 12 ml /10 lit.
Set up pheromone trap @ 12/ha to attract and destroy the female moths.
Spray Diafenthiuron 50 WP 8 g/10 lit
Mosaic or Katte disease
This is transmitted by banana aphid which can be controlled by regular spraying with methyl demeton 25 EC or dimethoate 30 EC @ 1.5ml/lit.
Spray Phosalone 35 EC 1 ml/lit.
Spray Dicofol 18.5 EC 2 ml/lit.
Mosaic or Katte disease
This is a serious disease affecting the productivity of cardamom
It is transmitted by banana aphid, which can be controlled by regular spraying with methyl demeton 25 EC or dimethoate 30 EC @ 1.5 ml/l
Damping off or clump rot or rhizome rot
Pythium: Prophylactic drenching with 0.25% mancozeb or 1% Bordeaux mixture immediately after germination
Rhizoctonia: Soil drenching with 0.05% carbendazim at 15 days after germination
Capsule rot or panicle rot or azhukal
Three sprays with 1% Bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride @ 0.25 % or mancozeb @ 0.2 % during August – September
Drench the soil with 1% Bordeaux mixture
Spraying of fosetyl-AL 80% WP @ 2.25 to 3.0 kg/ha
Growing districts Theni
Major markets in Tamil Nadu Bodinayakanur, Kumily, Thekkady, Kumbum
Grade Designation Alleppey Green Cardamom, Coorg Green Cardamom, Bleached or Half Bleached Cardamom, Bleachable
white Cardamom, Mixed Cardamoms, Cardamom seeds
Grade specification Freshness, colour, aroma and size