China Aster (Callistephus chinensis); Asteraceae

Kamini, Poornima, Shashank, Violet Cushion, Phule Ganesh White, Phule Ganesh Pink, Phule Ganesh Violet, Phule Ganesh Purple.
Prefers cooler climates with day temperature of 20-300C, night temperature of 15- 170C and relative humidity of 50-60%. Bright sunlight is required for growth and flowering.

Open sunny locations with well drained red loamy soils with pH of 6.0 to 7.0

Throughout the year under mild climatic conditions (like Bengalure)
Propagated through seeds; seed rate is 2.5 – 3.0 kg/ha. 30-45 day old seedlings are transplanted in raised beds of 120 x 60 x 10 cm size.
FYM @ 10-15 t/ha is applied during field preparation. NPK recommendation is 180:60:60 kg/ha of which 90:60:60 kg/ha is applied as basal and 90 kg/ha of N is applied as top dressing 40 days after transplanting.

Irrigate once in 7 – 10 days depending upon the weather conditions

Pinching of growing tips is done 30 days after transplanting to induce lateral shoots

Spray Quinalphos 25EC @ 1.0 ml/lit.
Leaf miner
Spray any one of the following:
 Monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.5 ml/lit.
 Imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 0.5 ml/lit.

Collar and root rot: Soil drenching with copper oxychloride @ 2.5 g/l
Wilt (Fusarium sp.): Soil drenching with carbendazim @ 1g/l

For cut flower : Flowers along with stalks or whole plants are harvested
For loose flower: Individual flowers are harvested with short stems attached

18 – 20 t/ha