Botanical Name - Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Family - Apiaceae

CO 1, UF 32, PF 35, Gujarat Fennel 1, Ajmer Fennel-1, Ajmer Fennel-1,RF–101, RF125, RF-143, RF-205, RF-178, RF-281, Hisar Swarup,Rajendra Sourabha, Pant Madhurika.

Soil –

Well drained loamy or black or sandy soil rich in organic matter which is rich in plant nutrients and lime. However, heavy soils are more desirable than light soils.


Fennel thrives on long sunny days. A temperature of 15-30° C is the optimum and above 25°C for extended period usually retards development of fennel and in early growth may result premature flowering and very low seed yield.

Hills: May – June.
Plains: October – November.

Direct sowing: 9 – 12 kg/ha.
Transplanting: 3 – 4 kg/ha
Nursery area: 100 m2

Prepare the main field to a fine tilth. Add FYM 10 t/ha before last ploughing. Form beds and channels. Pre-emergence application of pendimethalin @ 1 kg a.i./ha. 5- 6 weeks old seedlings are transplanted at a spacing of 60 x 30 cm.

In direct sown crop, thin 4 – 5 weeks old seedlings to 25 – 30 cm spacing

Basal : Apply 25:10 kg N and P/ha.
Top dressing : Apply 25 kg N/ ha at the time of flowering

First irrigation immediately after sowing, second on the third day and subsequent irrigations at 7 – 10 days interval.

Two or three weedings are necessary. The plants are earthed up after 3 months.


Spray dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit or methyl demeton 25 EC 2 ml/lit.

1)Powdery mildew
 Dust sulphur @ 25 kg/ha or foliar spray with wettable sulphur @ 2 g/l at the time of appearance of disease

The crop matures in 7 – 8 months. The umbels are harvested 4 – 5 times at 10 – 15 days intervals and dried in sun for 4 – 5 days and seeds are thrashed

500 – 750 kg/ha