Seed nut should be high yielder of padaneer & fruits, dwarf in stature, early and
regular bearer, free from pest & diseases. Select matured fruit bunches and yellow tinch in
stylar region. Seeds are stored in shade for 3 weeks. Shrunken, weight less and bored
seeds are rejected. Seeds may be directly sown in situ or in nursery to raise the seedlings.
For direct sowing, 3 – 4 whole fruits are planted in pits (20x20x20cm) at 10 m apart and half
filled with sand and soil mixture. Pit is covered with dried leaves. Sowing may be taken up
during rainy months (November). Germination takes place within 3 weeks.
Seeds can be sown in mound formed by keeping sand to form a bed of 1 m broad,
60 cm height or nursery beds built with bricks of 2 m broad, 60 cm height. Seeds are sown in
10 cm space and covered with sand. About 1 year old seedling is lifted from the nursery and
containerized in polythene bags. After rooting transplant in the main field.
Consists of gap filling; inter ploughing, basin rectification in the initial few years,. Gap
filling may be carried out by using containerized seedlings. Basin rectification has to be done
before rains; it helps collection and storage of rain water.
Palmyrah is a slow grower. First frond appears in about 5 months. First fan shaped
leaves appears only in the 2nd year. When it attains the height of 12 – 18 m, comes to
flowering (13 – 15 yrs) for padaneer (Sweet sap) purpose. Average of 100 – 200 lit obtained
for a period of 4 months from Feb – May. Padaneer and fruit yield are highly variable in
Employed when the inflorescence is about 2 – 3 months old. Female palms are tapped for a
longer period. i.e., April- Dec. and male for Dec – Feb. Sap is collected twice a day. Each
time at the end of the collection of sap, a new cut surface is made by thin slicing. Tapped
sap is called neera or padaneer.