Deep well drained loamy soils are best. Depth of soil should be atleast 1.5 m and red lateritic soil with good drainage is ideal. The soil pH should be around 5.8 to 6.2 and rich in organic matter. It can be grown above 1200 m elevation.
Plums usually require more cooling (chilling :300 to 1,000 hr) than peach fruit and almond. These are generally grown in the mid and low hill regions. Warm summers and cool winters are best suitable for plum cultivation.