- Basmati Rice means the rice varieties possessing aroma and gives pleasant flavour after cooking.
- In India Basmati rice is characterized by extra long, superfine slender grains having a length to breadth ratio of more than 3.5, sweet taste, soft texture, delicate curvature and an extra elongation with least breadth-wise swelling on cooking.
- Basmati rice is also stated to be the Pearl of Rice.
- These superfine best quality Basmati rice are most preferred specially for Biryani and Pulao preparation on special occasions and also meant for high premium value in the national and international market.
- Basmati rice is mostly grown in the traditional areas of north and north western part of Indian sub-continent for many centuries.
- The super-fine best quality of Basmati rice is produced on either side of the Indus valley in India.
- Its different varieties are mostly cultivated in the districts of Karnal, Panipat, Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Amritsar, Fatehgarh, Gurudaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Patiala, Ropar and Sangrur in Punjab; Kangra, Solan, Una, Mandi and Sirmour in Himachal Pradesh; Bundi in Rajasthan and in several districts of Uttar Pradesh.
- Some important districts of Uttar Pradesh are Saharanpur, Muzaffar Nagar, Piliphit, Bareilly, Bijnor, Moradabad, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Rampur, Raibareily, Sitapur and Udham Singh Nagar; Haridwar and Dehradun in Uttaranchal. Also, Basmati rice is grown to a limited extent in Jammu and Kashmir.
Varieties: The important varieties of Basmati rice as notified under the seeds Act, 1966 are Basmati 386 , Basmati 217 , Ranbir Basmati , Karnal Local/ Taraori Basmati, Basmati 370, Type-3 (Dehraduni Basmati), Pusa Basmati-1, Pusa Basmati 1121, Punjab Basmati-1, Haryana Basmati- 1, Ranbir Basmati (IET-11348),Kasturi and Mahi Sugandha.