Rose (Rosa sp.); Rosaceae

Edward rose, Andhra red rose and Button rose.

Bright sunshine for minimum of 6 hours is essential for the cultivation of roses. Day temperature of 260 C and night temperature of 150 C are ideal. It can be grown in the plains of Tamil Nadu where the optimum climate is available

Well-drained sandy loam with pH of 6 – 7.

Cuttings with 2-3 buds are dipped in IBA or IAA @ 500 – 1000 ppm. Pits of 45 x 45 x 45 cm are dug at 2.0 x 1.0 m spacing and 10 kg FYM is added to each pit before planting.

Once in 2 days until plants establish and once in a week thereafter

After pruning in October and again in July the plants are manured with FYM 10 kg and NPK 6:12:12g/plant.
Foliar application of 0.2% micronutrient mixture containing 20 g MnSO4 + 15 g MgSO4 + 10 g FeSO4 + 5 g B (2g of the mixture is dissolved in one litre of water) can produce bright coloured flowers.
Soil application of 2 kg each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria per ha at the time of planting. It is to be mixed with 100 kg of FYM and applied in pits.
Cut back the vigorous past season shoots to half the length during October to December. All the weak, diseased, criss-crossing and unproductive shoots are removed. The cut ends should be protected with Bordeaux paste or Copper Oxychloride.
Spray 250ppm of GA3 (30 days after pruning) during early vegetative stage to increase the flower production.

Rose chaffer beetle
 Hand pick cetonid beetles and destroy during day.
 Spray quinalphos 25EC 2ml/lit.

White grub :
 Set up light to attract Holotrichia and Anomala spp.
 Spray phosalone 35 EC @ 2 ml/lit.
Red scale

  • Rub off the scales with cotton soaked in kerosene
  • Cut and burn the affected branches.
  • Apply any one of the following at the time of pruning and again during March – April
    Malathion 50 EC @ 2 ml/lit
    Carbofuran 3G @ 5 g/plant
    Fish oil rosin soap @ 25 g/lit
    Phosalone 35 EC 2 ml/lit
    Dimethoate 30 EC @ 2.5 ml/lit

Mealy bug
Spray dimethoate 30 EC @ 2.5 ml/lit or fish oil rosin soap @ 25 g/lit
Thrips, aphids and leaf hoppers
Spray any one of the following
 Neem oil 3 %
 Methyl demeton 25 EC @ 2 ml/lit
 Dimethoate 30 EC @ 2.5 ml/lit
Two spotted mite
Spray any one of the following insecticides
 Bifenazate 50WP 2.5 ml/ 10 lit.
 Bifenazate 22.6 SC 2.5 ml/ 10 lit.
 Flufenoxuron 10DC 1.0 ml/lit
 Milbemectin 1EC 5.0 ml/10 lit.

Black spot: Spray carbendazim @ 1 g/l twice at fortnightly intervals or azoxystrobin @ 1g/l
Powdery mildew: Spray carbendazim @ 1 g/l or wettable sulphur @ 2 g/l or azoxystrobin @ 1 g/l

The plants will start flowering in the first year and will give economic yield from the second year onwards.

Flowering will commence 45 days after pruning. Fully opened flowers are picked early in the morning.

7.5 t/ha/year.

Crop growing districts                                   Krishnagiri,Madurai,Dindigul
Major markets in Tamil Nadu                      Dindigul, Madurai, Chennai
Preferred varieties and hybrids                  Edward rose, Andra Red rose and Button rose